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Psychology

The three brain phases used in cults

PAVLOV
Pavlov

The Christians may have been the first to successfully formulate brainwashing, but we have to look to Pavlov, the Russian scientist, for a technical explanation. In the early 1900s, his work with animals opened the door to further investigations with humans. After the revolution in Russia, Lenin was quick to see the potential of applying Pavlov’s research to his own ends.

Three distinct and progressive states of transmarginal inhibition were identified by Pavlov.

The first is the EQUIVALENT phase, in which the brain gives the same response to both strong and weak stimuli. The second is the PARADOXICAL phase, in which the brain responds more actively to weak stimuli than to strong. And the third is the ULTRA-PARADOXICAL phase, in which conditioned responses and behavior patterns turn from positive to negative or from negative to positive.

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Psychology

Can Life of Pi make you believe in God?

I’ve read Life of Pi over two years ago and being the season that it is it made me wonder how well it must have been written to make you believe in God. But does it really do that? It’s filled with doubt and fear and wonder. I would say that’s what makes a good Christian.

“Mr. Patel, Piscine’s piety is admirable. In these troubled times it’s good to see a boy so keen on God. We all agree on that.” The imam and the priest nodded. “But he can’t be a Hindu, a Christian and a Muslim. It’s impossible. He must choose…”
“Hmmm, Piscine?” Mother nudged me. “How do you feel about the question?”
“Bapu Gandhi said, ‘All religions are true.’ I just want to love God,” I blurted out, and looked down, red in the face.

Categories
Excerpts Psychology

Existential depression – Margaret Atwood* Moral Disorder excerpt

I got stuck reading Margaret Atwood again. And there is a passage in Moral Disorder which seems to talk clearly about existential depression.

Story is called The Other Place and this woman is analysing her life so far in comparison with her parent’s. No mate, no solid place to live in, always on the move.

I couldn’t keep up my transient existence forever. I would have to end up with someone, sometime, someplace. Wouldn’t I?

But what if I missed a turn somewhere- missed my own future? That would be frighteningly easy to do. I’d make one hesitation or one departure too many and then I’d have run out of choices. I’d be standing all alone.

Existential depression is a depression that arises when an individual confronts certain basic issues of existence. Yalom (1980) describes four such issues (or “ultimate concerns”)–death, freedom, isolation and meaninglessness. Death is an inevitable occurrence. Freedom, in an existential sense, refers to the absence of external structure. That is, humans do not enter a world which is inherently structured. We must give the world a structure which we ourselves create. Isolation recognizes that no matter how close we become to another person, a gap always remains, and we are nonetheless alone. Meaninglessness stems from the first three. If we must die, if we construct our own world, and if each of us is ultimately alone, then what meaning does life have?

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Psychology

Tipuri de inteligenta (Romanian)

Inteligenţa este un lucru ciudat. Unii oameni despre care se crede ca ar fi inteligenţi au rezultate groaznice la testele standardizate. Oamenii care salveaza vieţi nu sunt intotdeauna inteligenţi şi unii oameni autişti pot citi, aduna, sau scrie mai repede sau mai bine decat oamenii cu un coeficient de inteligenţă înalt. Realizând că sunt multe tipuri distincte de inteligenţă putem inţelege inteligenţa mult mai bine.
Caracterizarea omului ca reprezentând fiinţa inteligentă este valabilă în această formă generală, cât şi în oricare din concretizările sale, tocmai în virtutea existenţei mai multortipuri de inteligenţă.
Profesionalizarea indivizilor în diferite domenii de activitate duce la formarea si dezvoltarea unor tipuri particulare de inteligenţă, care reprezintă fie aplicarea şi amplificarea inteligenţei generale, fie valorificarea inteligenţei fluide, fie rezultatul învăţării şi educaţiei într-un domeniu determinat de activitate. Putem menţiona, din acest punct de vedere, inteligenţa matematică, inteligenţa generală, inteligenţa tehnică.

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Psychology

How to find happiness in nature (Mental Health Awareness Week 2017)

As we are currently towards the end of the 2017 Mental Health Awareness Week, I will tackle suicide and depression.

Last year in Japan, more than 25,000 people took their own lives. That’s 70 every day. The vast majority were men.
Those figures do not make Japan’s the highest suicide rate in the world in a developed nation.
That dubious title belongs to South Korea. But it is still far, far higher than virtually all other wealthy countries.
It is three times the suicide rate in the United Kingdom.

“Isolation is the number one precursor for depression and suicide,” says Wataru Nishida, a psychologist at Tokyo’s Temple University.

Talk therapy (psychotherapy), antidepressant medication, and lifestyle changes are often essential tools for managing major depression. But sometimes just soaking up some sunshine, breathing a little fresh air, and feeling your toes in the grass can provide relief from depression symptoms too.

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Growing Up Psychology

What does an IQ of less than 105 mean for your child

I’ve added an article a while back about IQ (Coeficientul de inteligenta – IQ (Romanian)) and another one about EQ (INTELIGENTA EMOTIONALA (Romanian)) (both in Romanian unfortunately for those of you who speak only English 🙂

IQ stands for intelligence quotient. Supposedly, it is a score that tells one how “bright” a person is compared to other people. The average IQ is by definition 100; scores above 100 indicate a higher than average IQ and scores below 100 indicate a lower that average IQ.

IQ Test 4“What do you mean my child isn’t gifted — he got 99 on those tests! That’s nearly a perfect score, isn’t it?”
“The criteria you handed out says ‘a score in the 97th percentile or above.’ Peter got an IQ score of 97! That meets the requirement, doesn’t it?”

Comments like these are not unusual and indicate a complete misunderstanding of IQ test scores.

Categories
Psychology

ARE YOU WASTING OR INVESTING YOUR TIME?

Time is the most precious value we have. Time is the greatest equalizer of human beings. If we don’t ant to admit his and to treat time with respect then we will only have to lose. It doesn’t matter if you are rich or poor, healthy or sick, you will only have 24 hours a day either way, and you should try to use them wisely.

Categories
Psychology

How to prevent depression

Depression is a serious illness that can affect the work power, family and social life of a person. This is why we don’t have to ignore it and hide it. It is important to know the symptoms, the causes and what possibilities we have to prevent it.

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Psychology

Memory, Diaspora, Hysteria: Margaret Atwood’s Alias Grace

by Marlene Goldman

In her introduction to this collection, Julia Creet asserts that “migration is a condition of memory,” and cites Pierre Nora’s lament that

“we create sites of memory because we not longer have ‘real environments of memory’: stable geographic, generation environments in which memory resides .  . .”

Alias graceMargaret Atwood’s historical novel Alias Grace is  based on the life of a notorious Canadian woman who immigrated from Ireland and who was convicted of murder at the age of sixteen.

Fiction has played a profound role in shaping our understanding of both normal and pathological memory. In her study of conceptual art and memory, Luiza Nader observes that the work of the artist under consideration

“raised the problem of the relation between memory (with its vicissitudes like transference, repressions, and displacements) and history” (*).

I would suggest that Atwood’s novel adds a significant dimension to this collection’s engagement with the issues of migration, memory, trauma, testimony, and fiction because of its reflexive engagement with fiction making and, more precisely, owing to the novel’s insistence that even in the case of traumatic testimony, the vicissitudes of memory and artistic fabrication play a profound role.

Categories
Psychology

Everything is transient and this is why it’s beautiful